Here are the most frequent questions I get asked.

Q: Why is my skin so dry?
There are a number of things the can cause it, including environmental factors such as sun and wind. Using products that strip the skin of its natural balance, particularly cleansers, soaps and alcohols. Hormonal imbalances can also be another source of dryness, particularly menopause which creates a drop in estrogen. And also lack or excess of exfoliation get the skin dry and sensitized.
Q: What is the difference between dry and dehydrated skin?
Whereas dry skin lacks oil and is characterized as a skin type, dehydrated skin lacks water and is considered to be a temporary skin condition. The tell-tale signs of skin that’s lacking in water is a crepey or rough texture with tightness, flakiness, redness, increased sensitivity, more pronounced fine lines, dark circles and a dull complexion. The challenge for estheticians often lies in pinpointing the cause of dehydration, which is typically a combination of many different factors, some of which are beyond our control.That is why as an esthetician, I take very seriously the skin assessment so I can determine the right course of treatments and home care product recommendations based on individual skin needs and lifestyle habits that might be contributing to the skin imbalance.
Q: I have really sensitive skin, I seem to get redness or rashes from many of the products I use, what can I do?
This might be an allergic reaction from skincare products or compromised skin barrier. The two most common causes of reactions are fragrances and colorants. Even though a wonderful smelling product may trick you into thinking that it is somehow better for you, it is best to use products without fragrances, especially artificial fragrances and colorants. This is your first line of defense.
Q: What is the difference between Microdermabrasion & Chemical Peel?
They are both exfoliating treatments. Microdermabrasion is a mechanical exfoliation  that uses a stream of crystals particles and suction. While the chemical peel evolves using a mild acid solution in order to exfoliate you skin’s upper layers. They are used to fade dark marks or blemishes, even skin tone, smooth the rough texture of the skin, lessen wrinkling, improve acne and razor bumps, exfoliate plugged pores, and reduce the appearance of enlarged pores and smooth depressed scars. They are typically performed on the face, but are also appropriate for any area of the body that may need help in diminishing these imperfections.
Q: What is hyper-pigmentation?
Melanin is a chemical that determines skin coloration. The more melanin you have the darker your skin will be. Melanin is made in cells called melanocytes. These cells, which are contained in the upper layer of the skin are very reactive in our skin. Hyperpigmentation is caused when the cells are inflamed or over stimulated. When this happens the cells begin to over produce melanin causing dark spots hyper-pigmentation.
Q: What are the possible causes of hyperpigmentation and how can it be treated?
Heredity factors, hormonal influence and stress. There are many ways to treat hyperpigmentation. Exfoliating treatments such as chemical peels, microdermabrasion and skincare products that contain alpha-hydroxy acids that help cast off accumulated dead skin cells are excellent ways to fade hyperpigmentation.
Q: What causes Acne?
Acne is a condition caused by blockage of the hair follicles (tiny pores that cover the face) and over activity of oil glands called sebaceous glands many factors contribute to the development of acne. Two of the most important are the balance in the levels of hormones(which is why acne does not appear until puberty and the activity of a special kind of bacteria that live on areas of the body where acne occurs. The hormones also increase the production of oil(sebum). Because the opening to the follicle is blocked, the oil builds up inside the follicle, forming a PIMPLE! Bacteria in the follicle help to stimulate inflammation, which can make the pimples larger, redder or darker and sometimes painful.
Q: What kind of a skin care routine should I follow?
It is important no matter what your skin type is, to Be Gentle. Too often people treat the skin, particularly on the face like a burned pot that needs a good scrubbing with Brillo pad. Use products with gentle and soothing ingredients. Use cold to warm water, hot water from the shower dehydrates the skin.
Q: What is high-frequency?
High frequency is a skin care treatment used  to help treat and prevent stubborn acne, shrink enlarged pores, reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, decongest puffy eyes, fade dark eye circles.  
Q: How does micro-needling improve acne scar and aging skin?
Micro-needling aka Collagen Inducing Therapy, creates microchannels to the skin top layer enhancing the absorption of product ingredients. It stimulates collagen production triggering the body's wound healing processes to heal the micro channels immediately. The purpose of this treatment is to generate new collagen, improve skin smoothness and firmness. It may also improve the appearance of pore size. I often use it in combination with other technologies to have the best possible improvement in things like acne scars and other skin concerns.  
Q: I have seen you using Cryo-Sticks within your facials. What are Cryo-Sticks good for?
The local application of cold through Cryo-Sticks lowers the skin's temperature immediately, therefore limiting vasodilatation and promoting vasoconstriction. This freeze tool is perfect for calming reactive skin.. Additionally, they regulate blood circulation of your face, tighten and firm skin, and aid in allergy relief. Cryotherapy helps to decrease skin inflammation,  soothe, depuff, temporarily tighten and firm the skin. This treatment is a fabulous treatment for clients experiencing allergies, such as sinus and seasonal allergy.
Q: How is the Men's Facial different from other facials?
Men's facials are a lot like women's facials but are personalized  to the unique needs of men's skin. They usually deal with problems men commonly face, such as razor burn and ingrown hairs, dullness, and sensitivity.  If you do shave, make sure you do it the day before, not the day-of your facial. Freshly-shaven skin will be more prone to irritation during the facial, so it's best to wait at least 24-hours after shaving before loading on the topical treatments.
Q: What is LED Light Therapy?
The same way that plants use chlorophyll to convert sunlight into energy, high intensity light emitting diodes (LEDs) utilizing specific, proven wavelengths of light can trigger a natural bio stimulatory effect in human tissue. Research has shown that "light therapy can increase circulation, accelerate tissue repair, kill acne bacteria, decrease inflammation, improve skin tone, texture and clarity, and decrease under eye wrinkles."